Puya chilensis -
|Range:||S. America - Chile.|
Puya chilensis will flower in January. The flowers from this plant are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and they are pollinated by Birds
Soil InformationPuya chilensis will grow in light (sandy),medium (loamy),hard (clay) soil. It is / is important for the soil to be well drained.
The soil prefers the following PH / acid levels :
- pH of less than 6, Acidic soils
- pH between 6 and 8, Neutral soils
Puya chilensis prefers dry soils
Ideal Planting LocationsPuya chilensis should not be planted in shady areas.
Planting places suited to this plant described below.
- Grows within a woodland garden
- Grows on a sunny edge
- Can be planted in Cultivated Beds
Cultivation DetailsRequires a hot dry position. Requires a lime-free soil. Requires a sheltered well-drained position. This species is not very cold-hardy in Britain. However, plants can tolerate infrequent short-lived frosts down to about -5°c[200, 260] and can be grown outdoors in the mildest parts of the country. They are growing well at Probus Gardens in Cornwall where they survived temperatures lower than -6°c in the winter of 1995 - 6[K]. The leaves have large, viciously hooked spines. Is the plant monocarpic? A self-sterile species, it is pollinated by birds in the wild. In cultivation, cross-pollination with P. alpestris can be effective.
Edible Uses** See disclaimer
Edible Rating: 1/5
Very young shoots are eaten in salads[177, 183].
- Leaves -
Medicinal Uses** See disclaimer
Medicinal Rating: 0/5
PropagationSeed - sow spring in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division of offsets in the spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.
Known HazardsNone known
Other UsesA fibre from the leaves is used in making nets[46, 61]. A soft material obtained from the stems is used to make corks and bungs. A gum is obtained from the plant as a result of insect damage[46, 61, 64].
- Cork - Including any plants used as a cork substitute. Cork is used for insulation (sound or heat), fire-retardant, bottle stops etc.
- Fibre - Used for making cloth, rope, paper etc.
- Gum - Gums have a wide range of uses, especially as stabilizers, emulsifiers, thickening agents, adhesives etc.
Cultivarsno recorded cultivars
ReferencesThe New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Author: Huxley. A.
Publisher : Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
Date of Publication : 1992
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